Information about Cuu Vi Than Cong in Hue Citadel
“Cuu Vi Than Cong” is the name of the 9 meridian guns cast by the Hue artisans in the second Gia Long period (1803). After defeating the Tay Son house, Gia Long King gave contemporary artists to gather all the weapons and bronze items of the Tay Son army to cast into 9 cannons as evidence for the glorious victory of me The casting work officially started in 1803 and was completed in 1804. Nine magic guns are considered one of the high value bronze artworks. “Cuu Vi Than Cong” are located at the foot of Hoang Thanh, on the left, in front of Ngo Mon Gate – Hue Citadel. By the time of Khai Dinh, they were moved to the position they are today.
Each mouth is 5.1 m long and weighs about 17,000 pounds. Underneath the cannons are the well-carved wooden gun and pedestal. Four seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter and Five Elements: Kim, Moc, Thuy, Hoa, and Tho are used to name nine guns. The body of the gun is meticulously carved, engraved with the title, position, weight, how to use the gun, the article about the dispute with Tay Son and the collection of gun castings. All 9 were granted “God Oai champion of the army”. The style and content of the ordination are engraved directly on the body of the spirit.
Under the Nguyen Dynasty, there were often military guards guarding these nine cannons on a regular basis and the king often held very large sacrifices, but since 1886, the sacrifice work was abolished, but the guards were often worshiping themselves “Cuu Vi Than Cong“. “Cuu Vi Than Cong” are considered a divine being and a sacred object that protects the city. They are considered a high-value bronze art piece of Hue Citadel along with the Bronze and Nine Peaks, they are considered as treasures of Hue Citadel in particular and the country in general.
In order to preserve the treasure symbolizing this victory, the Nguyen court erected a row of shelters consisting of 9 two-storey factions (often called the Dreaded Mill of the champion of the army) and the staff of the guards day and night. Before Khai Dinh King’s Four-Week Ceremony, because these 9 cannons were directed to the Kham Su French Palace on the other side of the Perfume River, under the pressure of the French and for political reasons, the Nguyen court had relocate these 9 cannons to position 2 on the inside of the Cua Nhon door (Cua Cua) and Quang Duc door (Sap gate), to guide each other, and use old shielding materials, renovate them into 02 houses New cover for these 2 ranges of cannon guns (often referred to as Ta / Huu Cao General). Due to the total number of cannon guns is 9, and because of the original symbolic meaning is: Four-time and Five-Elements, the division into 2 ranges of guns placed symmetrically on both sides of the Citadel’s Dung Dung axis is not balanced and very reluctant. However, in order to overcome that situation, two gun houses (Ta / Huu Quan General) were made in balance, each with 5 sections of 2 wings, wooden frame system, and roof tiles.
During the Vietnam-France War of 1947, these two gun houses were destroyed. Under the south of Vietnam, the government temporarily set up two shielding houses with rails and roofed with corrugated iron. In 1992, BTDT Center renovated these two shelters with concrete pillars, corrugated iron on the basis of the size of 02 old iron shelters, and embellished and protected the foundation and old rivets. of Ta / Huu Shogun as we see today.
Although the structure of the timber frame and the roof system was destroyed, but the stone legs showed the steps and the architectural scale of the Ta / Huu Superior General Army was still well preserved. Combined with existing information and data sources, it is possible to confirm that these are important material and material evidence for the study of restoring the Shogun / Righteous Army, contributing to paying re-appearance and authenticity of the scenery of Ngo Mon-Ky Dai area under Khai Dinh period.
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